The hilltop Albrechtsburg Castle looms over the city of Meissen. The first existence of the castle fortifications can be traced back to the 9th century, making it Germany’s oldest castle. This massive Gothic structure is not just a delight for the eyes, but acknowledged by experts to display an architectural and artistic genius rarely found in architecture belonging to that period. Meissen Cathedral, next to the castle, was built between 1260 and 1410, and can still be admired in its almost-original condition. The historic Rathaus (town hall), with its steep roof and ornate dormers, is another jewel of Meissen’s cityscape.